Why People Turn to 教育 When Facing a Recession
从历史上看, 当经济陷入衰退时, Americans tend to pursue higher education for marketability and career advancement. The Great Recession brought the worst economy that Americans had seen since the Great Depression. From late 2007 to late 2009, the unemployment rate jumped to approximately 10%. By the end of the recession, over 15 million people were out of a job.1
然而, 而整体经济却在螺旋式上升, higher education saw an increase in enrollment of nearly 16%, as 18.1 million people enrolled in undergraduate programs in fall 2010—compared with 15.2007年秋季的600万本科生.2 “一般说来, recessions lead to enrollment increases for many schools,鲍勃·金说。, 学院教育执行副总裁.3
Working Adults Fuel the Growth in College and University Enrollment
Who was responsible for this massive growth in enrollment after the Great Recession? “Higher education is generally a countercyclical industry to the economy. When more people are unemployed, in particular, there are more adult learners in school,金说.3
道格·夏皮罗, the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center’s executive research director, agrees that working professionals often drive this migration to higher education, 2008年经济衰退后的情况就是如此. These nontraditional students largely turned to community colleges or online universities,2 比如og体育. This trend went beyond 学士 degrees to include 硕士 or 博士 degrees, as well as professional certificates available in a wide range of areas.
正如夏皮罗所说, the reason it took three years from the start of the recession for the enrollment numbers to rise so dramatically is that most workers don’t turn to higher education until they use up their unemployment compensation. He explains that once the decision is made to return to school, the process—which includes the college search and applications—takes time. “When the reality sets in th在y’re not going to find another job, 然后他们开始考虑学校,夏皮罗解释道. “And by the time they get through the whole process of finding a school and getting into a school, 一年半到两年过去了.”2
What Effect Has the COVID-19 Pandemic Had on Postsecondary 教育?
Where the Great Recession saw huge gains in higher education enrollment, the economic downturn from the COVID-19 pandemic has not worked in quite the same way. 事实上, 到2022年1月, college and university enrollments were down by more than 1 million compared to pre-pandemic times, according to research from the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center.4
截至2022年秋季, 经济衰退的可能性越来越大, only time will tell if it affects higher education in the same way it did just 15 years prior. 尽管大流行后入学人数没有增加, what has increased is the need for online learning—something that isn’t going anywhere. “We will see changes in the prevalence of online learning, 科技在课堂上的应用, 以及学校与学生互动的方式,金说.3
Advance Your Skills and Pursue New Opportunities With a Degree From Walden
Walden offers a variety of degree programs 在 学士, 硕士, 博士 水平. 除了, graduate certificates are available in multiple academic areas—from a Graduate Certificate in Human Resource 管理 to Graduate Certificates in Adult Learning and Integrating Technology in the Classroom (K–12). Individual classes can also be taken through Walden’s 终身学习学院.
Walden University is accredited by The Higher Learning Commission, 万维网.hlcommission.org.
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